The Azawakh is a rare and ancient breed of sighthound that originates from West Africa. These dogs were originally bred by nomadic tribes to hunt gazelles and other small game in the Sahara desert. In recent years, the breed has gained popularity as a companion animal, particularly among dog enthusiasts who appreciate the unique appearance and personality of this fascinating breed.

Physical Characteristics

The Azawakh is a slender and elegant breed that stands between 24 and 29 inches tall at the shoulder and weighs between 44 and 55 pounds. These dogs have a short and smooth coat that is typically fawn, black, blue, or brindle in color. They also have long, lean legs and a long, narrow head with large, expressive eyes.


The Azawakh is an intelligent and independent breed that can be reserved with strangers. These dogs are loyal and affectionate towards their owners but may not be as outgoing or friendly as some other breeds. They are also known for their high energy levels and need for regular exercise and mental stimulation.

Training and Socialization

The Azawakh is an intelligent breed that can be trained, but they are also independent and can be stubborn at times. Positive reinforcement training methods, such as reward-based training, are recommended for these dogs. Early socialization is also essential for Azawakhs, as they can be wary of strangers and may be aggressive towards other animals if they are not properly socialized.

Exercise and Activity

The Azawakh is an active breed that requires plenty of exercise and mental stimulation to prevent boredom and destructive behavior. Daily walks and playtime in a securely fenced yard are essential, and owners may also want to consider enrolling their dog in obedience or agility classes. Because of their high energy levels, the Azawakh may not be well-suited to apartment living and requires a home with plenty of space to run and play.


The Azawakh is generally a healthy breed, but like all dogs, they are prone to certain health issues. Hip dysplasia, a condition in which the hip joint does not develop properly, can be a problem in some dogs. Progressive retinal atrophy, a degenerative eye condition, is also a concern in some Azawakhs. Regular veterinary checkups can help prevent and detect these issues early.

Owners should also be aware that the Azawakh is sensitive to anesthesia and may require special precautions if they need surgery or dental work. The breed is also susceptible to certain skin issues and may require regular grooming and bathing to prevent these problems.


The Azawakh is a unique and fascinating breed that requires an experienced owner who can provide them with the proper training, socialization, and exercise. These dogs are well-suited to active families who have experience with sighthounds and understand their unique needs. With the proper care and attention, the Azawakh can make a wonderful companion for those who appreciate their loyal and independent nature. If you are considering adding an Azawakh to your family, be sure to do your research and find a reputable breeder who can provide you with a healthy and well-socialized puppy.